May 13, 2013

(Current Affairs) May 13, 2013


Here are some of the current affairs, daily happenings and news that are filtered from various places and sources to make it in a nutshell and even make you feel easy ans satisfied. 
  • Prime minister Manmohan Singh inaugurated the first session of National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction on 13 May 2013. India is now the eighth country to have a national platform.
  • May 12 - International Nurses Day.

  • On May 12, 2013 President Pranab Mukherjee presented the Florence Nightingale Award to 35 nursing professionals for their services with devotion, sincerity, dedication and compassion.
  • The National Florence Nightingale Award is given to outstanding nursing personnel and the Award carries Rs 50,000 in cash, a certificate, a citation certificate and a medal.
  • RBI cuts repo rate by 25 basis points, warns about little room for further easing.
  • The hindu metroplus playwrigt award 2013 goes to Manjima Chatterjee for her 'the mountain of bones'. Instituted by Hindu in 2008 the annual award carries a prize of Rs. 1 lakh for the best unpublished and unperformed playscript in English.
  • union finance minister P. Chidambaram said a high level sub committee headed by Raghuram Rajan, chief economic adviser to the government of India, would be formed soon to revisit the criteria for deciding the backwardnesss of the states. It would submit its report in a month.
  • union telecom minister Kapil Sibal and union surface transport minister C.P. Joshi were given additional charge of law and railway portfolios respectively on May 11, 2013, a day after incumbents of Aswani Kumar and Pawan Kumar Bansal were sacked.
  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) is finalising a set of nine voluntary global targets that will help in reducing non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly hypertension which is a major contributor to cardio-vascular diseases.
    The voluntary targets being discussed are reduction in premature mortality from NCDs by 25 per cent by 2020 — by reducing intake of alcohol and physical inactivity by 10 per cent each and intake of salt/sodium by 30 per cent. This will reduce high blood pressure incidence by 25 per cent. Use of tobacco is targeted to be brought down by 30 per cent in addition to improving medicines, technology and counselling.
    Hypertension is a major contributor to avoidable death and disease in India, too, with an increasing impact in the rural areas. Over 140 million people are believed to be suffering from high blood pressure in the country and the number is expected to cross the 214 million mark in 2030. Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardio-vascular diseases that killed 2.7 million people in 2004 and will result in the death of over 4 million people by 2030.
    A WHO estimate in 2008 suggested 33 per cent men and 32 per cent women older than 25 years had hypertension in India.
    An Integrated Disease Surveillance Prevalence Survey of 2007-08 indicates a very high percentage of Indians are in a pre-hypertension stage. Mizoram had 58.5 per cent people in pre-hypertension stage though the actual population suffering from high blood pressure was only 19 per cent. This was followed by Uttarakhand with 48.8 per cent, Kerala (48.1 per cent) and Maharashtra (46.2 per cent). Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh are among the other States that have over 40 per cent of the population in the pre-hypertension category.
    Hypertension has serious economic implications also, as it is a leading cause of hospitalisation and out-patient visits. The annual income loss (calculated in 2004) was Rs.43 billion and accounts for 64 per cent of out-of-pocket expenses. A month’s treatment with just one anti-hypertensive medication cost 1.8 days wages and becomes unaffordable if more than one drug is prescribed or more than one person has hypertension in the family.
    “Our aim is to provide cost-effective interventions at the primary health care level for early diagnosis and treatment of NCDs and improve the availability of basic diagnostics and essential medicines required to treat major hypertension and associated diseases,” says Dr. Renu Garg, Regional Adviser, WHO’s Regional Office for South-East Asia.
  • Mr Anand Sharma: Union Commerce Minister.
  • Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO).
    FIEO director general and CEO Ajay Sahai 
  • Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO): The Federation of Indian Export Organisations represents the Indian entrepreneurs spirit of enterprise in the global market. Known popularly as "FIEO", this apex body of Indian  export promotion organizations was set up jointly by the Ministry of  Commerce, Government of India and private trade and industry in the year 1965. FIEO is thus a partner of the Government of India in promoting India’s exports.
  • The Goa government-appointed Justice R.M.S Khandeparkar committee on illegal mining has decided to probe further the illicit tapping of iron ore in Goa, which will help the government arrest illegalities and prepare a roadmap for future of mining industry in the state.
  • National Green Tribunal Act, 2010: An Act to provide for the establishment of a National Green Tribunal for the effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property and for matters connected therewith.
  • The disputed Depsang Plains which was occupied by China is located in Aksai Chin.
  • In a Joint Parliamentary Committee, the strength of the Loksabha and Rajyasabha members are in the ratio of 2 : 1.
  • The Union government is going to set up committee to enhance Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises under the chairmanship of R.S. Gujral.

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