February 10, 2015

IBPS is now a two tier examination

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***From the year 2015 onwards, banking exams are to be held like IAS/ IPS (civil service) examinations as IBPS has decided to conduct  two-tier examinations for recruitment of PO/MT and Clerks from CWE-V onwards.
Through this new system of examination,
  • All candidates who submit their applications for these recruitment will be initially called for a preliminary exam.
  • Based on the performance, fewer candidates shall be shortlisted for main exams.
  • Those who are successful in here would then be eligible for interviews followed by allotment.

[
  • There will be fewer number of questions in the Preliminary examination with shorter duration. The details with regard to both the Preliminary and Main examinations will be made available on  IBPS website through the detailed notifications in due course. 
  • The marks obtained in the Preliminary examination will not be considered for preparing the final merit list and the marks obtained in the Main Examination will only be considered for short listing  or interview. 
]

change

The tentative dates are as follows :

RRBs CWE-IV 

This will be single examination.
05.09.2015, 06.09.2015, 12.09.2015, 13.09.2015, 19.09.2015, 20.09.2015, 26.09.2015 & 27.09.2015

CWE PO/MT-V


  • Preliminary Examination 03.10.2015, 04.10.2015, 10.10.2015 &11.10.2015
  • Main Examination 31.10.2015


CWE CLERK-V


  • Preliminary Examination 05.12.2015, 06.12.2015, 12.12.2015, 13.12.2015, 19.12.2015 & 20.12.2015
  • Main Examination 03.01.2016 


PSBs – CWE SPECIALIST-V

There will be single examination and the tentative dates are as follows:
30.01.2016 & 31.01.2016

Read the official notification regarding this -- Click Here




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January 16, 2015

2014 Current Affairs Quiz Set 1

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  • The Sangita Kalanidhi title is conferred on vocalist _____.
    • Pandit Jasraj
    • Asha Bonsle
    • Sudha Raghunathan
    • Kumar Sanu
    • Kishori Amonkar
  • India signs a labor cooperation agreement with ______.
    • Saudi Arabia
    • South Korea
    • Dubai
    • Brazil
    • None of these
  • The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-D5) puts the 1,983 kg ___________ communication satellite into a perfect orbit.
    • GSAT-3
    • GSAT-4 
    • GSAT-5 
    • GSAT-13 
    • GSAT-14 

  • The union environment Ministry gives nod for Posco's eight million tonnes per annum steel plant in _________.
    • Maharashtra
    • Bihar
    • Odhisa
    • Madhya Pradesh
    • Rajasthan
    • None of these

  • Highest honor conferred on overseas Indians is _________.
    • Ashok Chakra award
    • Manthan Award
    • Green Stars Award
    • Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award
    • None of these
  • Birth Anniversary of Swami Vivekananda celebrated on _________.
    • January 10
    • January 11
    • January 12
    • January 13
    • January 14

  • The winner of the Hindu Prize for the Best Fiction 2013 is _________.
    • Vikram Seth
    • R K Narayanan
    • Anees Salim
    • Manu Joseph
    • Amitav Gosh

  • Which two countries signed agreement on protection of classified military information and eight other pacts? 
    • India and Saudi Arabia
    • India and South Korea
    • India and South Africa
    • India and China
    • None of these
  • Who won the DSC prize for South Asian Literature for 2014? 
    • Cyrus Mistry
    • Kiran Desai
    • Ruskin Bond
    • Chetan Bagath
    • Robin Sharma

  • The book 'Chronicle of a Corpse Bearer'
    • Anita Desai
    • Cyrus Mistry
    • Ruskin Bond
    • Chetan Bagath
    • Robin Sharma

  • India's first cantilever bridge, connecting the pilgrim island of Rameswaram with the Indian mainland.
    • Black Bridge
    • Pamban Bridge
    • Cauvery Bridge
    • Maraimalai Adigal Bridge
    • None of These

  • India's first indigenously developed light combat aircraft.
    • HAL Rudra
    • HAL HPT-32 Deepak
    • HAL Tejas
    • HAL Dhruv
    • HAL Chetak

  • Which Institute/Organization is selected for National Communal Harmony Award 2013.
    • ICRISAT - International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
    • ISRO - Indian Space Research Organisation
    • CSSS - Centre for the study of society and secularism
    • Indian Social Institute
    • None of These

  • Former chief of CSIR, R A Mashelkar was awarded _____.
    • Padma Vibhushan
    • Padma Bhushan
    • Padma Shri
    • Bharat Ratna
    • None of these
  • Author Ruskin Bond ws awarded ______.
    • Padma Vibhushan
    • Padma Bhushan
    • Padma Shri
    • Bharat Ratna
    • None of these

  • India celebrated the 65th Republic day in ______.
    • 2011
    • 2012
    • 2013
    • 2014
    • None of these

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January 11, 2015

News Roundup 2014

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  • Goods and Services Tax Bill, 2014 introduced in Lok Sabha. 
  • 14th Finance Commission submitted its report to President. It covers the period between 1 April 2015 and 31 March 2020 The Commission headed by former RBI Governor Y V Reddy.
  • Union government decriminalized Attempt to Suicide. 20th Law Commission headed by Justice A P Shah recommended it, in its 210th Report.
  • Welspun Solar Plant, Largest Solar Power Plant of India launched with 130-MW at Bhagwanpur in Neemuch, Madhya Pradesh. It is also the Asia's Largest Solar Power Plant.
  • Latvia adopted the Euro currency and became the 18th member of the Eurozone.
  • Sixth language to get the classical language status after Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam is Odia.
  • 101st Science Congress 2014 was held in Jammu.
  • Film Liar's Dice is the India's official entry for Oscar Awards 2015, has been directed by Geethu Mohandas. It is nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film category.
  • Debroy Panel on restructuring Railway Board would submit its report till the end of 2015. The seven-member panel will be headed by economist Bibek Debroy.
  • Karnataka is the first state in India to launch Health Adalat
  • Child Protection day observed on 4 March 2014.
  • First Indian state to observe Child Protection day, Assam.
  • In the 16th Lok Sabha Elections 2014 for 543 constituencies declared on 16 May 2014, Bharatiya Janata Party emerged victorious with 282 seats.
  • Narendra Modi sworn-in as 15th Prime Minister of India.
  • Telangana became the 29th state of India.
  • Sumitra Mahajan elected as Speaker of 16th Lok Sabha. She replaced Meira Kumar
  • India became permanent signatory to Washington Accord, signing it on, 13 June 2014 and joined a select group of 17 countries that joined the Accord.
  • Karnataka Mobile One App launched for m-governance, by President Pranab Mukherjee in Bengaluru
  • Social Justice Bench, brainchild of Chief Justice of India H L Dattu, constituted on social issue by Supreme Court on 3 December 2014. Will be headed by Justice Madan B Lokur.
  • Padma awards for 2014 were given to 127 individuals, among which 27 are women.
  • 627 names of Indians holding black money abroad submitted to SC, that includes details of treaties India signed with France and other nations.
  • Union government unveiled new counter-Naxal doctrine that proposes four-pronged approach to deal with Naxals. These are Security, Development, Rights and Entitlement and Public Perception Management.
  • Harish Rawat sworn in as the chief minister of Uttarkhand.
  • Cinematographer V K Murthy passed away. He won Dada Saheb Phalke award for 2008.
  • 'Chronicles of Corpse Bearer' by Cyrus Mistry won the DSC prize for south Asian Literature at the Jaipur Literary Festival 2014.
  • Stainslas Wawrinka of Switzerland won 2014 Men's singles Australian open title.
  • Li Na of China won 2014 women's singles Australian open title.
  • Swachh Bharat Mission launched on occasion of 145th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, aims at making India clean by 2019.
  • Shinzo Abe became the first Japanese Prime minister to be the chief guest at India's 65th Republic day celebrations on January 26, 2014.
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) launched on 28 August 2014, aims to open 15 crore bank accounts by 15 August 2015.
  • India has become the first country to ratify the Marrakesh Treaty to facilitate access to published works for persons who are visually impaired, or otherwise print disabled. The Treaty was adopted by 79 member countries of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) on June 27, 2013, and India ratified it on June 24, 2014.
  • US President signed Ukraine Freedom Support Bill, 2014, that authorizes administration to impose sanctions on Russia.
  • Michelle Bachelet, sworn in as the president of Chile.
  • UNSC adopted resolution to probe into MH-17 plane crash in Malaysia.
  • 6th BRICS Summit, Held in Fortaleza, Brazil on 15 July and 16 July 2014, came up with Fortaleza Declaration. Theme of the Summit was Inclusive Growth: Sustainable Solutions. 
  • Prayuth Chan-ocha elected Prime Minister of Thailand. He is the 29th Prime Minister of Thailand
  • Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Colombian novelist, won Nobel prize in 1982, passed away. His major works include - One hundred years of solitude; Autumn of the Patriarch; Chronicle of a death foretold; Love in the time of Cholera.
  • The book 'Crusader or Conspirator? Coalgate and Other Truths' By P C Prakash
  • Indian born poet Vijay Seshadri won the 2014 Pulitzer Prize in the poetry category for his collection of poems 'Three Sections.'
  • The Fields Medal Awards held in Seoul, South Korea.
  • More than 7000 patients died due to the Ebola Virus in West Africa. Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia are the countries affected. Ebola disease was first detected in Congo basin of Zaire
  • Surya Kiran IV, Joint military exercise of India and Nepal, held in Nepal.
  • India's first monorail service was started in Mumbai.
  • Sheik Hasina was sworn in as the Prime minister of Bangladesh for the third time.
  • Koyal Rana crowned Miss India 2014.
  • Unity Deal signed in Afghanistan, between Abdullah Abdullah and Ghani Adhmadzai. The deal ended three-month stalemate over government formation in Afghanistan.
  • Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe re-elected.
  • Nobel Prize presented
    • Peace Nobel Prize Kailash Satyarthi & Malala Yousufzai
    • Physiology Nobel Prize - John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser
    • Literature Nobel Prize - French author Patrick Modiano
    • Physics Nobel Prize - Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura
    • Chemistry Nobel Prize - Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell, Gottingen
    • Economic Nobel Prize - Jean Tirole
  • Third BIMSTEC(Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multisectoral, Technical and Economic cooperation) summit, held in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. The secretariat of BIMSTEC, established at Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • Matteo Reni, youngest Italian Prime minister in Feb 2014.
  • Sushil Koirala, Prime minister of Nepal in February 2014.
  • Janet Yellen, first woman ever to head the united states central bank federal reserve.
  • Sub inspector, K Prasad Babu was conferred Ashok Chakra posthumously for anti maoist operation near Andhra Pradesh-Chhattisgarh border.
  • First World Soil Day observed on 5 December 2014 by the UNFAO. UNFAO and GSP declared the year 2015 as UN International Year of Soils.
  • Author of the books like - A train to Pakistan; Truth, Love and a Little Malice; The Sunset Club,' Kushwant Singh passed away.
  • 20th edition of Corruption Perceptions Index 2014 released. India with a score of 38 was ranked 85th among 175 countries. The index was topped by Denmark with a score of 92. Index is prepared by Transparency International.
  • Mangalyaan named among the 25 best inventions of 2014 by Time Magazine.
  • The G20 Summit 2014 concluded, which saw release of Brisbane Action Plan.
  • Forbes list of World's Most Powerful People 2014 released, topped by Russian President Vladimir Putin. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi was ranked 15th.
  • India re-elected to UNHRC for the period 2015-2017.
  • India-Vietnam signed 7 pacts, to strengthen Strategic Partnership, during President Pranab Mukherjee visit to Vietnam
  • Inaugural Tang Prizes 2014 presented in Taipei, which is treated as Asia's version of the Nobels.
  • Rosetta is the European space mission and the First spacecraft to land on a comet. The comet is named 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. It landed on 12 November 2014, 10 years after the launch.
  • Union Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley presented Union Budget 2014-15. Announced that the FDI cap in Defence sector would be raised to 49 percent
  • DIPP(Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion) notified allowing 100% FDI in Rail infrastructure.
  • The Indian Steel Association was formally launched on 26 August 2014, which Aims to work towards transforming the Indian steel industry as a global leader.
  • C S Verma elected as First President of Indian Steel Association
  • ICICI Bank became the first bank in India to launch EMI facility on Debit Card
  • Expenditure Management Commission constituted, headed by Bimal Jalan, which will suggest the way for managing public finances by reducing subsidies.
  • CONCOR is the 17th Central Public Sector Enterprise (CPSE) to achieve Navratna Status. It deals in Export-Import and domestic trade and commerce policy of India. 
  • RBI fixed the upper age limit at 70 years for M.D. and CEO in private sector banks
  • Google announced to shut down Orkut in June 2014.
  • SoftBank of Japan to invest 10 billion dollars in India. Chairman and CEO of the SoftBank is Masayoshi Son.
  • Satya Nadella, Indian American, appointed new CEO of Microsoft, succeeding Steve Ballmer.
  • Ashok Kumar Mathur, appointed the chairman of seventh pay commission.
  • Shell India won 18000-crore rupees tax dispute case. It won the tax case against Income Tax department.
  • Urjit Patel committee to revise and strengthen the monetary policy famework.
  • R Gandhi replaced Anand Sinha as the Deputy governer of RBI.
  • Facebook accquired WhatsApp Inc. for $19 billion.
  • Sun pharmaceuticals will buy Ranbaxy laboratories.
  • SEBI de-recognised Delhi Stock Exchange (DSE), on account of serious irregularities in demutualisation process.
  • Kotak Mahindra Bank first bank in India to fully own insurance business. RBI gave permission to the bank for setting up Kotak General Insurance. 
  • Kotak General Insurance will be the 29th non-life Insurance company in the country.
  • SBI Mutual Fund launched Shariah Equity Fund. The fund is aimed at attracting investments from Muslim populations of India.
  • RBI gave approvals to IDFC Ltd. and Bandhan financial services private limited to start new banks.
  • RBI extended the deadline for Indian banks to meet capital requirements under Basel III Norms by a year to March 31, 2019.
  • The UK is the first country who issued sovereign Islamic bonds in June 2014
  • Advisory Group on Integrated Development of Power was headed by Suresh Prabhu, suggested opening up of the coal sector.
  • ISRO successfully launched GSLV Mark-III-X from Sriharikota.
  • India joined Thirty Meter Telescope Project. The telescope will be the largest in the world. It is being built atop Mauna Kea Mountain in Hawaii. 
  • New compound BQU57 developed. It will block protein Ral aiding cancer growth.
  • ISRO launched Mangalyaan to Mars orbit, by this, ISRO became the fourth space agency in the world to send a mission to Mars successfully.
  • Admiral Ronin K Dhowan, appointed chief of Naval staff, succeeding Admiral D K Joshi.
  • New bio-chip to detect blood sugar via saliva. The advancement will help diabetics to not to undergo blood test.
  • The third edition of Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) was held in The Hague, Neherlands in March 2014. The NSS aims to prevent nuclear terrorism by reducing the amount of dangerous nuclear materials in the world.
  • The US and China agreed to cut greenhouse gas emissions. The two countries agreed to reduce the possibility of military accidents in the. air and sea The two countries together produce about 45% of the world's carbon dioxide.
  • Union Environment Ministry notified Bor Wildlife Sanctuary of Maharashtra as Tiger Reserve. Other Tiger Reserves in Maharashtra: Melghat, Pench, Tadoba, Nagzira and Sahyadri.
  • Dada Saheb Phalke Award 2013 - Film lyricist Gulzar.
  • Miss South Africa Rolene Strauss crowned Miss World 2014. This was the 64th Miss World Competition.
  • Justice Vaidyanathapura Rama Krishna Iyer (V R Krishna Iyer) passed away at 100.
  • Hindi writer Viswanath Tripathi was selected for Vyas Samman for his memoir 'Vyomkesh Darvesh' for 2013.
  • The International Women of Courage award 2014 was presented by US First Lady Michelle Obama to Laxmi, a Delhi acid attack survivor.
  • Chandi Prasad Bhatt won the Gandhi Peace prize 2013. He was awarded with the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership in 1982. In 2005, he was awarded with Padma Bhushan.
  • The 2014 Goldman Environmental Prize, awarded to Ramesh Agarwal of Chhattisgarh.
  • Hindi author, Govind Mishra was selected for the Saraswati Samman for 2013 for his book 'Dhool Paudho Par'.
  • Veteran actress Zohra Sehgal died at 102
  • Lt General Dalbir Singh Suhag took over as Chief of Army Staff. He succeeded General Bikram Singh to become the 28th Army Chief.
  • Pran, the Creator of Chacha Chowdhury died at 75. His Chacha Chaudhary strips found a permanent place in International Museum of Cartoon Art, USA.
  • Govind Mishra received Saraswati Samman 2013, for his novel Dhool Paudhon Par.
  • Lalitha Kumaramangalam appointed Eighth Chairperson of National Commission for Women.
  • Justice H L Dattu sworn-in as 42nd Chief Justice of India, Succeeding Chief Justice RM Lodha.
  • Arvind Subramanian appointed Chief Economic Advisor
  • Sanjaya Rajaram received World Food Prize 2014, Awarded for his research that led to increase in wheat production
  • Hindi poet Kedarnath Singh received 49th Jnanpith Award, Country's highest literary award.
  • Neha Gupta won the International Children's peace prize 2014. Awarded for her work to help orphans in India. She became the first ever American to be awarded with the prize
  • Legendary Kathak dancer Sitara Devi died.
  • Chief Guest of Republic Day 2015: US President Barack Obama. He will be the first US President to attend the Republic Day Parade of India.
  • Australian opener Philip Hughes died, after a bouncer ball of Sean Abbott hit back of his head
  • Germany won men's Hockey Champions Trophy 2014 defeating Pakistan
  • Indian cricketer Rohit Sharma scored the highest ODI score ever of 264
  • Virat Kohli became fastest cricketer to reach 6000 ODI runs.
  • Chennai Super Kings won 2014 Champions League Twenty20 title
  • MC Mary Kom bagged her first Asian Games Gold Medal. She defeated Zhaina Shekerbekova of Kazakhstan. First Indian woman boxer to clinch a gold medal at the Asian Games.
  • Hockey Player Manpreet Singh named Junior Men Player of the Year by AHF, at Asian Hockey held at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Cricket Legend Sachin Tendulkar and eminent scientist CNR Rao were conferred the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award. It was announced in November 2013.
  • Novak Djokovic of Serbia won the Men's Wimbledon Tennis Open 2014
  • Germany won the 2014 FIFA Football World Cup. Germany became 1st European team to win World Cup played in North or South America.
  • Corey Anderson scored the fastest century in One Day International cricket history.
  • Himachal Pradesh to host First Para-gliding World Cup 2015 in India. This will be the first para-gliding World Cup to be hosted in India.
  • Kush Kumar first Indian player to reach semis of World Junior Squash Championship.
  • The World Junior Squash championship held at Windhoek in Namibia.
  • The 21st Commonwealth Games will be held in Gold Coast in Australia
  • 2014 Glasgow Commonwealth Games concluded. India stood at the fifth position in the rankings. India won 64 medals (15 Gold, 30 silver and 19 Bronze)
  • Marin Cilic of Croatia won Men's Singles title of US Tennis Open
  • Sania Mirza of India and Bruno Soares of Brazil won the Mixed Doubles title
  • N Ramachandran, elected new president of the Indian Olympic Association. He is also the president of world Squash Federation.
  • The winter Olympics were held in Sochi, Russia in Feb 2014.
  • Next winter Olumpics will be held in Pyeongchand in South Korea in 2018.
  • ESPN cricinfo presented the cricketer of the generation award to Sachin Tendulkar.
  • Australian women cricket team won the women's world twenty 20 cup 2014 defeating England.
  • Sri Lanka won the 20 20 world cup 2014 for the first time defeating India.
  • Viswanathan Anand won the world candidates chess tournament title at Khanty Manisisyk, Russia.
  • 68th Santosh trophy football championship in Siliguri, won by Mizoram against Railways.
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January 09, 2015

Reading Comprehension – How and What?

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Comprehension tests the reading and understanding skills of the candidate. You will be given a paragraph, you need to read, analyze, understand and derive concept out of it.
Reading Comprehension
Prior to actually attempting or solving the comprehension questions, understand the author's mind. The passage will be written by the author with certain feeling, thought or emotion in his mind, let that emotion may be sad, anger, happy, love etc. So, there is a chance that the passage follows the emotion. You need to derive that for better answering the questions.

In the competitive exams, test of comprehension has ten questions. They may include synonyms or antonyms too. If the exam expects more from the candidate, you should definitely don't expect the exact answer for your question from the passage. Instead you need to derive, extract the answer by analyzing the passage, understand the concept. Use your brain and skills.

While solving comprehension questions, if you feel that some particular question is beyond your thinking, don't just waste your time on a single question, as many other questions and sections are waiting for you to answer.

Another important thing is that, never try to mark the nearest answer, until and unless you are so sure. Or else you may fall prey for negative marks. Keep in mind to save the negative marks and to avoid wrong answering.

It is the best choice in this current world of competitive exams, to overlook a question, than to mark it with a wrong answer. This is the intelligent's choice.


Some tips to solve comprehension questions:

  • First thing while solving Comprehension Questions – Just have a shallow look of the passage.
  • Read the questions first. That gives you a clear idea of what you need exactly.
  • Your reading should be focused, not just the regular reading.
  • Just note down the head words that you feel important, while you read.
  • If necessary reread the passage, but keep in mind 'THE TIME.'
  • Understand the author's mind and voice, which makes you easier to answer.
  • Improve your reading skills. They will help you in the interviews too.
    • (I personally recommend, To regularly follow the editorial section from The Hindu. It has many advantages in one shot. 
    • like 
    • – Improve your reading skills
    • – Covers the important current affairs, in-depth.
    • – Learn new and difficult English Vocabulary, as it is of high standards.
    • – Improves your English usage and fluency.)
  • While moving on to the next question, don't let doubt in your mind regarding previous question.
  • Answer the question confidently with focused and relaxed mind.
  • Believe in yourself.

Important Note:

Many aspirants may speak fluent and good English, which sometimes make them give less practice on English when preparing for competitive exams, which is wrong. Such candidates will make English to join the list of strong areas. Not every one, but many. Fluency in English doesn't mean that one is a master of grammar rules and usage. This is also an important reason among many other reasons for failure in exams.

Don't be overconfident. By this I don't mean that you should afraid. Just alerting you to wake up and take care. Never feel that a subject is over, may be, a new concept will say hi to you in your next exam. Invest your full in your preparation. And remember the high competition for a single position. Don't just try to qualify the exam, but to excel.

Don't listen to others' words regarding your strengths and weakness. It is good to take suggestions, but before deciding, make it your own and take the complete responsibility of the consequences. Because no one knows about you more than what you know about yourself.

Be confident. Stay focused. Get some time to relax and refresh. Then again start preparing. Don't quit because you failed. Challenge the failure and win over it. All the best.
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January 08, 2015

Improve your Vocabulary Set 5

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vocabulary

  • Paraphernalia

    • Noun
      • Numerous small possessions
      • Personal belongings
      • Accessories

  • Exonerate

    • Verb
      • Declare free from blame
      • Release from duty
      • Free
      • Clear

  • Impeccable

    • Adjective
      • Faultless
      • Exemplary
      • Incapable of doing wrong
      • Not liable to sin

  • Rectitude

    • Noun
      • Moral uprightness
      • Righteousness
      • Honesty
      • Straightforward behavior

  • Terse

    • Adjective
      • Brief and to the point
      • Smooth and Concise
      • Free from Cumbrousness

  • Friar

    • Noun
      • A man who is a member of one of certain religious orders

  • Guffaw

    • Noun and verb
      • Noisy laugh
      • Coarse laugh

  • Consanguineous

    • Adjective
      • Descended from the same anscestor
      • Have the same lineage
      • Relationship by blood or birth

  • Sleuth

    • Noun
      • Detective
      • Bloodhound
      • dog that follows a scent
    • Verb
      • Investigative Crime

  • Tutelage 

    • Noun
      • Guardianship
      • Tution
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