October 18, 2014

Squares upto 30

Squares up to 30

1*1=1
2*2=4
3*3=9
4*4=16
5*5=25
6*6=36
7*7=49
8*8=64
9*9=81
10*10=100

11*11=121
12*12=144
13*13=169
14*14=196
15*15=225
16*16=256
17*17=289
18*18=324
19*19=361
20*20=400

21*21=441
22*22=484
23*23=529
24*24=576
25*25=625
26*26=676
27*27=729
28*28=784
29*29=841
30*30=900


Mathematics:


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October 15, 2014

MultipicationTables

1
1*1=1
1*2=2
1*3=3
1*4=4
1*5=5
1*6=6
1*7=7
1*8=8
1*9=9
1*10=10
1*11=11
1*12=12
1*13=13
1*14=14
1*15=15
1*16=16
1*17=17
1*18=18
1*19=19
1*20=20

2
2*1=2
2*2=4
2*3=6
2*4=8
2*5=10
2*6=12
2*7=14
2*8=16
2*9=18
2*10=20
2*11=22
2*12=24
2*13=26
2*14=28
2*15=30
2*16=32
2*17=34
2*18=36
2*19=38
2*20=40

3
3*1=3
3*2=6
3*3=9
3*4=12
3*5=15
3*6=18
3*7=21
3*8=24
3*9=27
3*10=30
3*11=33
3*12=36
3*13=39
3*14=42
3*15=45
3*16=48
3*17=51
3*18=54
3*19=57
3*20=60

4
4*1=4
4*2=8
4*3=12
4*4=16
4*5=20
4*6=24
4*7=28
4*8=32
4*9=36
4*10=40
4*11=44
4*12=48
4*13=52
4*14=56
4*15=60
4*16=64
4*17=68
4*18=72
4*19=76
4*20=80

5
5*1=5
5*2=10
5*3=15
5*4=20
5*5=25
5*6=30
5*7=35
5*8=40
5*9=45
5*10=50
5*11=55
5*12=60
5*13=65
5*14=70
5*15=75
5*16=80
5*17=85
5*18=90
5*19=95
5*20=100

6
6*1=6
6*2=12
6*3=18
6*4=24
6*5=30
6*6=36
6*7=42
6*8=48
6*9=54
6*10=60
6*11=66
6*12=72
6*13=78
6*14=84
6*15=90
6*16=96
6*17=102
6*18=108
6*19=114
6*20=120

7
7*1=7
7*2=14
7*3=21
7*4=28
7*5=35
7*6=42
7*7=49
7*8=56
7*9=63
7*10=70
7*11=77
7*12=84
7*13=91
7*14=98
7*15=105
7*16=112
7*17=119
7*18=126
7*19=133
7*20=140

8
8*1=8
8*2=16
8*3=24
8*4=32
8*5=40
8*6=48
8*7=56
8*8=64
8*9=72
8*10=80
8*11=88
8*12=96
8*13=104
8*14=112
8*15=120
8*16=128
8*17=136
8*18=144
8*19=152
8*20=160

9
9*1=9
9*2=18
9*3=27
9*4=36
9*5=45
9*6=54
9*7=63
9*8=72
9*9=81
9*10=90
9*11=99
9*12=108
9*13=117
9*14=126
9*15=135
9*16=144
9*17=153
9*18=162
9*19=171
9*20=180

10
10*1=10
10*2=20
10*3=30
10*4=40
10*5=50
10*6=60
10*7=70
10*8=80
10*9=90
10*10=100
10*11=110
10*12=120
10*13=130
10*14=140
10*15=150
10*16=160
10*17=170
10*18=180
10*19=190
10*20=200

11
11*1=11
11*2=22
11*3=33
11*4=44
11*5=55
11*6=66
11*7=77
11*8=88
11*9=99
11*10=110
11*11=121
11*12=132
11*13=143
11*14=154
11*15=165
11*16=176
11*17=187
11*18=198
11*19=209
11*20=210

12
12*1=12
12*2=24
12*3=36
12*4=48
12*5=60
12*6=72
12*7=84
12*8=96
12*9=108
12*10=120
12*11=132
12*12=144
12*13=156
12*14=168
12*15=180
12*16=192
12*17=204
12*18=216
12*19=228
12*20=240

13
13*1=13
13*2=26
13*3=39
13*4=52
13*5=65
13*6=78
13*7=91
13*8=104
13*9=117
13*10=130
13*11=143
13*12=156
13*13=169
13*14=182
13*15=195
13*16=208
13*17=221
13*18=234
13*19=247
13*20=260

14
14*1=14
14*2=28
14*3=42
14*4=56
14*5=70
14*6=84
14*7=98
14*8=112
14*9=126
14*10=140
14*11=154
14*12=168
14*13=182
14*14=196
14*15=210
14*16=224
14*17=238
14*18=252
14*19=266
14*20=280

15
15*1=15
15*2=30
15*3=45
15*4=60
15*5=75
15*6=90
15*7=105
15*8=120
15*9=135
15*10=150
15*11=165
15*12=180
15*13=195
15*14=210
15*15=225
15*16=240
15*17=255
15*18=270
15*19=285
15*20=300

16
16*1=16
16*2=32
16*3=48
16*4=64
16*5=80
16*6=96
16*7=112
16*8=128
16*9=144
16*10=160
16*11=176
16*12=192
16*13=208
16*14=224
16*15=240
16*16=256
16*17=272
16*18=288
16*19=304
16*20=320
17
17*1=17
17*2=34
17*3=51
17*4=68
17*5=85
17*6=102
17*7=119
17*8=136
17*9=153
17*10=170
17*11=187
17*12=204
17*13=221
17*14=238
17*15=255
17*16=272
17*17=289
17*18=306
17*19=323
17*20=340
18
18*1=18
18*2=36
18*3=54
18*4=72
18*5=90
18*6=108
18*7=126
18*8=144
18*9=162
18*10=180
18*11=198
18*12=216
18*13=234
18*14=252
18*15=270
18*16=288
18*17=306
18*18=324
18*19=342
18*20=360
19
19*1=19
19*2=38
19*3=57
19*4=76
19*5=95
19*6=114
19*7=133
19*8=152
19*9=171
19*10=190
19*11=209
19*12=228
19*13=247
19*14=266
19*15=285
19*16=304
19*17=323
19*18=342
19*19=361
19*20=380
20
20*1=20
20*2=40
20*3=60
20*4=80
20*5=100
20*6=120
20*7=140
20*8=160
20*9=180
20*10=200
20*11=220
20*12=240
20*13=260
20*14=280
20*15=300
20*16=320
20*17=340
20*18=360
20*19=380
20*20=400

Mathematics:

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October 14, 2014

India and the World - September 2014

  • India – Japan issued a joint statement for enhancing cooperation as a part of India-Japan annual summit 2014 held at Tokyo, Japan on 1 Sep, 2014.
  • PM Modi inaugurated the TCS Japan technology and culture academy in Japan on Sep 2nd 2014.
  • India and Australia signed a pact of civil nuclear energy deal on Sep 5th 2014, which allows the sale of Australian uranium to India.
  • India and Germany on 8th Sep 2014 agreed to cooperate and prepare a road map in skill development, solid waste management and cleaning of rivers. It was made during the meeting between PM Modi and visiting German foreign minister Frank Walter Steinmeiner in New Delhi.
  • India and Bangladesh on 9th Sep 2014 signed a MoU in the field of traditional medicine and homeopathy.
  • India and Vietnam signed 7 pacts on 15th Sep 2014 to strengthen their strategic partnership. They were signed in the presence of president of India, Pranab Mukherjee and President of Vietnam, Troung Tan Sang.
  • 16 agreements were signed between India and China during the visit of Chinese President Xi Jingping to India on 17th and 18th Sep 2014.
  • India and China on 18th sep 2014 agreed to establish a joint working group to promote facilitation in the film sector. This group will meet for the first time in November 2014 on the sidelines of the International film festival India 2014 at Goa.
  • 3rd meeting of India and Bangladesh joint consultative commission was held in New Delhi on 20th Sep 2014. It was co chaired by Indian external affairs minister Sushma Swarj and Bangladesh external affairs minister Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali.
  • India announced on 25th sep 2014, to contribute 12 million US dollars to the United Nations to fight the deadly Ebola virus.
  • India and the US issued joint statement to push strategic ties to a new level on 30th Sep 2014. It was issued after the first bilateral summit between Modi and Obama in Washington. Along with these they also signed 7 agreements in different fields to improve their bilateral relationships.

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September 29, 2014

September 29, 2014

  • PM Modi gets rockstar reception at New York’s Madison Square.
  • PM Modi, Israeli PM Benjamin Neyanyahu hold talks to expand ties in cyber security, agriculture and water management.
  • O Pannerselvam to be sworn in as Tamilnadu CM. Jayalalitha, who was found guilty on corruption charges, to move Karnataka HC for bail.
  • American congress member, Tulasi Gabbard called on PM Modi in New York. She is the first hindu congress member in the U.S.
  • U.S. President, Obama admitted that U.S. has under estimated IS militant threat in Syria.
  • Delhi metro has been ranked 2nd among 18 international metro systems in terms of overall customer satisfaction in an online customer survey.
  • The launch of IRNSS 1c, a navigational satellite by ISRO is scheduled at 2 am on October 10.
  • World heart day is observed on 29th September. The objective of the day is to inform the people around the world of the danger of heart disease and stroke.
  • The annual Indo - US joint military exercise is currently underway at Ranikhet in Uttarkhand. The 2 week exercise commenced on 17th of September at Chaubattia forest range in the foothills of Himalayas.
  • Ashraf Ghani, to be sworn in as the new Afghan President.
  • In Libya, the new cabinet led by prime minister Abdullah-al Thinni took the oath of office after being approved by newly elected parliament.
  • West Asia region’s largest consumer IT and elections retail show – GITEX shopper began amidst visitor’s frenzy and expectations of huge bargains at world trade centre in Dubai on 27th September.
  • Indian Leander Paes wins Malaysian open doubles title with new partner Polish Marchin Matkowski at Kuala Lumpur.
  • Europe has retained golf’s ryder cup defeating United States for its 8th victory in the last 10 times in the biennial event.
  • Delhi government will award a cash prize of 20 lakh rupees each to wrestler Yogeswar Dutt and archer Abhishek Verma for winning gold medals in the 17th Asian Games.
  • In the 10th day of Asian games, India to figure in two gold medal matches of tennis. The duo of Sania Mirza and Saketh Myneni in the mixed doubles, and the pair Sanam Singh and Saketh in the men’s doubles will battle it out for gold.
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September 12, 2014

iNDIAs first multi-sensor moored observatory IndARC

Country’s first multi-sensor moored observatory IndARC was successfully deployed in Kongsfjorden Fjord of the Arctic roughly halfway between North Pole and Norway on July 23.

A team of scientists from the Earth System Science Organisation-National Institute of Ocean Technology (ESSO-NIOT) Chennai and ESSO-National Centre for Antartic and Ocean Research (NCAOR) termed the same as a milestone in India’s scientific endeavours in the Arctic region.

This observatory, designed and developed by ESSO-NIOT and ESSO-NCAOR with ESSO-Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Hyderabad, was deployed from the Norwegian Polar Institute’s research vessel R.V. Lance. Team led by Dr.Venkatesan deployed the same during its annual cruise to the Kongsfjorden area and the mission was guided by Atmanand — Director of ESSO-NIOT and Rajan – Director of ESSO — NCAOR.
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September 08, 2014

September 1, 2014


  • In a major boost to the Indian scientific community, the Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan), on its maiden tryst with the red planet, has completed 300 days of its journey in space and is just 23 days away from reaching its intended orbit.
  • The DDA (Delhi Development Authority) launched its much-awaited 'Housing Scheme 2014' offering over 25,000 flats across various categories.
  • Government told the Supreme Court that it "wants re-auction of all 218 coal blocks" declared as illegal allocation but sought its indulgence to "exempt" 40 of them which are functional and ready for the end use power plants.
  • From the 1st September 2014, first session with 15 students started at revived Nalanda University in Bihar. This session was started with the classes for the School of Ecology and Environmental Studies and the School of Historical Studies. 


  • After two failed bids, Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) may soon sign a deal with an Indian automotive manufacturing company to procure a total of 1,380 semi-low-floor buses to replace its fleet of standard-floor ones (yellow buses).
  • Supreme Court gave two months extension to Justice Mudgal committee to complete its final probe in the IPL 2013 spot-fixing and betting scandal.
  • Concerned over delay in strategic border projects, Home Minister Rajnath Singh has suggested exemption of environment clearance given to such projects falling within 100 km from International Border or IB, Line of Actual Control or LAC and Line of Control or LOC.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Vivekananda Cultural Centre at the Indian Embassy in Tokyo.
  •  U.S. Post Service (USPS) will issue a postage stamp to honour Legendary Indian actor Akkineni Nageswara Rao, thus Rao will be the first actor from India to get this honour. 
  • UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has expressed concern over Israel's plan to declare nearly 1,000 acres of land in Bethlehem as "state land," saying such seizure is illegal and counterproductive to pursuing a two-State solution with Palestine.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe promised public and private investment worth $35 billion in India over the next five years. Prime Minister Narendra Modi termed his Japan trip as "very successful" and hoped that India's infrastructure will improve and the country will become clean with the help of USD 35 billion promised by Japan over five years, the highest ever amount ever.

  • Indian woman researcher, Veena Sahajwalla, is among the 16 scientists who has been awarded the prestigious Australian Laureate Fellowship for her work in micro-recycling of e-waste. She will get AUD 2.37 million for her research.
  • Renowned historian Bipin Chandra, a Padma Bhushan laureate, breathes his last at 86. Few of his notable books include: ‘The Rise and Growth of Economic Nationalism’, ‘In the Name of Democracy: The JP Movement and the Emergency’, ‘Nationalism and Colonialism in Modern India’ and ‘The Making of Modern India: From Marx to Gandhi’.
  • Mridula Sinha was sworn-in as Governor of Goa.
  • Unveiling a slew of amendments in the implementation of the Basel 3 regulations, the Reserve Bank of India has allowed banks to issue additional Tier 1 capital instruments, the principal amount of which would absorb losses, either through conversion into common shares or a write-down mechanism that allocates the losses to the instruments, either temporarily or permanently.
  • Former Attorney General G E Vahanvati (65) passed away.
  • Manpreet Singh was named the 'Junior Player of the Year' by the Asian Hockey Federation in its Congress held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Jaipur Pink Panthers emerged as champions of inaugural season of STAR Pro-Kabaddi League. Jaipur Pink Panthers is owned by Abhishek Bachchan. 
  • Anita Wlodarczyk from Poland set a world record in women's hammer throw. She set this record at the Internationales Stadionfest (ISTAF) Berlin Athletics meet at Berlin's Olympic stadium in Germany. She broke the record of Betty Heidler of Germany.
  • Carolina Marin of Spain clinched the title of World Badminton Championship. This Championship was held in Copenhagen, Denmark.
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September 05, 2014

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

National Mission on Financial Inclusion with an ambitious objective of covering all households in the country with banking facilities and having a bank account for each household. This is important for including people left out into the mainstream of the financial system.

The Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana lies at the core of development philosophy of Sab Ka Sath Sab Ka Vikas. The Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana launched on 28 August, 2014 across the nation. 

With a bank account, every household gains access to banking and credit facilities. This will enable them to come out of the grip of moneylenders, manage to keep away from financial crises caused by emergent needs, and most importantly, benefit from a range of financial products. As a first step, every account holder gets a RuPay debit card with a Rs 1,00,000/- accident cover. As we go along, they will be covered by insurance and pension products.


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July 18, 2014

BRICS - Brazil Russia China South Africa

BRICS is the abbreviation of five countries- Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa and it is annually held since 2009, to build better global economies ties among all five nations. 
All five BRICS nations are also the members of G-20 and the sixth summit has also invited Argentina for the first time, to make it the sixth member in its group.


All about previous BRICS Summits 


  1. The first BRIC summit was held in Yekaterinburg, Russia on 16th June, 2009 with the all five leaders. 
  2. On April 15, 2010, BRIC's second summit, the group expanded with South Africa as the latest country to join and thus BRIC became BRICS on December 24, 2010 at Brasilia, Brazil. 
  3. On April 14, 2011, the third BRICS Summit held. 
  4. On March 29, 2012, fourth BRICS Summit was held for the first time in the national capital New Delhi, India with the former prime minister Dr Manmohan Singh as the host leader. 
  5. On March 26, 2013, the host country of the fifth BRICS Summit was Durban, South Africa. 

6th BRICS Summit in Brazil

    • The sixth and the present BRICS Summit took place in Fortaleza (the fifth largest city in Northeastern Brazil) from July 15 to July 17 with the President Dilma Rousseff as the host leader, thus successfully marking the completion of the first BRICS cycle. 
    • Earlier, the 2014 BRICS Summit was to take place in March 2014, but due to China's request, it was postponed to July 2014. 
    • Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi made his debut at the BRICS Summit 2014 as the previous summits were attended by his predecessor Dr Manmohan Singh. 



    Guest countries at the 6th BRICS Summit 


    1. Argentina - President - Cristina Fernández de Kirchner 
    2. Bolivia - President - Evo Morales 
    3. Chile - President  - Michelle Bachelet 
    4. Colombia - President - Juan Manuel Santos 
    5. Ecuador - President - Rafael Correa 
    6. Guyana - President - Donald Ramotar 
    7. Paraguay  - President - Horacio Cartes 
    8. Peru - President - Ollanta Humala 
    9. Suriname - President - Dési Bouterse 
    10. Uruguay - President - José Mujica 
    11. Venezuela - President - Nicolás Maduro 




    Key issue: 

    The creation of a new development bank has been one of the top priority issues that has been discussed so far in all BRICS summit in an attempt to bypass western-dominated International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. Argentina, Egypt, Iran, Nigeria and Syria have also shown keen interest in joining BRICS in the near future.

    ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF BRICS [BRAZIL, RUSSIA, INDIA, CHINA AND SOUTH AFRICA]

    The BRIC [Brazil, Russia, India and China] idea was first conceived in 2001 by Goldman Sachs as part of an economic modeling exercise to forecast global economic trends over the next half century; the acronym BRIC was first used in 2001 by Goldman Sachs in their Global Economics Paper No. 66, “The World Needs Better Economic BRICs”.

    EXPANSION OF BRIC INTO BRICS

    BRIC Foreign Ministers at their meeting in New York on 21st September 2010 agreed that South Africa may be invited to join BRIC. Accordingly, South Africa was invited to attend the 3rd BRICS Summit in Sanya on 14 April 2011.


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    April 06, 2014

    Current Affairs Quiz - October 8, 2013

    Current Affairs Quiz – October 8, 2013

    • US duo James Rothman and Randy Schekman and German-born Thomas Suedhof won the Nobel Medicine Prize on October 7, 2013 for their groundbreaking work on how the cell organises its transport system.
    • Turkish capital Ankara.
    • Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan
    • Additional Solicitor-General L. Nageswara Rao
    • The Supreme Court on October 7, 2013 suggested that a committee, headed by the former Chief Justice of the Punjab and Haryana High Court, Mukul Mudgal, be constituted to probe spot-fixing in IPL matches involving BCCI president N. Srinivasan’s son-in-law Gurunathan Meiyappan.
    • FAO headquarters in Rome.
    • Union Food Minister K.V. Thomas.
    • FAO Director General Jos? Graziano da Silva.
    • The report, titled ‘The State of Food Insecurity in the World’, estimates that 842 million people globally suffered from chronic hunger in 2011-13.
    • Environmental Protection Act, 1986
    • Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Kumari Selja.
    • Haryana Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda
    • The UPA II government is at present implementing the Food Security Act which entitles 82 crore people to 5 kg of food grains per person in a month at the rate of Rs.1-3 a kg. The country needs 62 million tonnes of food grains in a year to implement the law. 
    • WTO (World Trade Organization) - Director-General, Roberto Azevedo
    • Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister - Omar Abdullah
    • Prof. Thomas Suedhof won the 2013 Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award.
    • Computer programme called Olympia
    • Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff
    • Three of the world’s four largest mining companies are based in Canada.
    • Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation summit in Bali, Indonesia.
    • Nairobi is the capital and largest city of Kenya.
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    April 05, 2014

    Budget 2013-2014: The Plans & Budgetary Allocations

    BUDGET 2013-2014
    THE PLAN AND BUDGETARY ALLOCATIONS
    • Revised Estimates (RE) of the expenditure in 2012-13 is at 96 per cent of the Budget Estimates (BE) due to slowdown and austerity measures.
    • During 2013-14, BE of total expenditure of Rs. 1,665,297 crore and of Plan Expenditure at Rs. 555,322 crore.
    • Plan Expenditure in 2013-14 to grow at 29.4 per cent over Revised Estimates for the current year. ‰
    • All flagship programmes fully and adequately funded and sufficient funds provided to each Ministry or Department consistent with their capacity to spend funds.
    • Budget for 2013-14 to have one overarching goal of creating opportunities for our youth to acquire education and skills that will get them decent jobs or self employment.


    SC, ST, Women and Children

    • Allocations for Scheduled Caste Sub Plan and Tribal Sub Plan increased substantially over the allocations of the current year. Funds allocated to these Sub Plans cannot be diverted. ‰
    • Rs. 97,134 crore allocated for programmes relating to women and Rs. 77,236 crore allocated for programmes relating to children.
    • Ministry of Women and Child Development to design schemes that will address the concerns of women belonging to the most vulnerable groups, including single women and widows. An additional sum of Rs. 200 crore proposed to be provided to the Ministry to begin work.


    Minorities ‰ 

    • An increase of 12 per cent over the BE and 60 per cent over the RE of 2012-13 to Ministry of Minority Affairs. ‰
    • Allocation of Rs. 160 crore to the corpus of Maulana Azad Education Foundation to raise its corpus to Rs. 1,500 crore during 12th Plan period.


    Disabled Persons

    • A sum of Rs. 110 crore to the Department of Disablity Affairs for ADIP scheme in 2013-14 against RE 2012-13 of Rs. 75 crore.


    Health and Education

    • Health for all and education to all remains priority. ‰ 
    • Rs. 37,330 crore allocated to the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. ‰
    • New National Health Mission will get an allocation of Rs. 21,239 crore.
    • Rs. 4,727 crore for medical education, training and research. ‰
    • Rs. 150 crore provided for National Programme for the Health Care of Elderly.
    • Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy are being mainstreamed. Allocation of Rs. 1,069 crore to Department of AYUSH. ‰
    • Rs. 1,650 crore allocated for six AIIMS-like institutions. ‰
    • Allocation of Rs. 65,867 crore to the Ministry of Human Resource Development, an increase of 17 perent over the RE of the current year.
    • Rs. 27,258 crore provided for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan (SSA). ‰
    • An increase of 25.6 per cent over RE of the current year for investments in Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA).
    • Rs. 5,284 crore allocated to Ministries/Departments in 2013-14 for scholarships to students belonging to SC, ST, OBC, Minorities and girl children. ‰
    • Mid Day Meal Scheme (MDM) to be provided Rs. 13,215 crore. ‰
    • Government committed to the creation of Nalanda University as a centre of educational excellence.


    ICDS

    • Rs. 17,700 crore allocated for ICDS in 2013-14 representing an increase of 11.7 per cent over 2012-13. ‰
    • Allocation of Rs. 300 crore in 2013-14 for a multi-sectoral programme aimed at overcoming maternal and child malnutrition. Programme to be implemented in 100 districts during 2013-14 to be scaled to cover 200 districts the year after.


    Drinking Water

    • Rs. 15,260 crore allocated to Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
    • Rs. 1,400 crore provided for setting-up of water purification plants in 2000 arsenic - and 12000 fluoride-affected rural habitations.



    Rural Development ‰

    • Allocation of Rs. 80,194 crore in 2013-14 for Ministry of Rural Development marking an increase of 46% over RE 2012-13.
    • Proposal to carve out PMGSY-II and allocate a portion of the funds to the new programme that will benefit States such as Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab and Rajasthan.


    JNNURM ‰

    • Rs. 14,873 crore for JNNURM in BE 13-14 as against RE of Rs. 7,383 crore. Out of this, a significant portion will be used to support the purchase of up to 10,000 buses, especially by the hill States.

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